- What did colonial people look like?
- Colonial Dress Codes : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site
- The 13 Colonies
- Life in the Southern Colonies (Part 1 of 3)
The tutor or governess had more authority over their students than teachers do today. They could spank or whip the students or sit them in the corner if they misbehaved. This stick, held in place with a band of cloth, prevented any further talking. Tutors sometimes used dunce caps and nose pinchers to keep students in line.
Students often rebelled against these strict disciplinary practices. Pranks such as locking the tutor out of the schoolhouse were common especially near holiday breaks. Kalman, Bobbie. Colonial Life.
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New York: Crabtree Publishing Company, Early Schools. New York: Crabree Publishing Company, Larkin, Jack. The Reshaping of Everyday Life. McGovern, Ann.
What did colonial people look like?
If You Lived in Colonial Times. New York: Scholastic, As a class discuss the similarities and differences between eighteenth and twentieth-century schools.
Using the instructions provided, have students make a hornbook. Cardboard can be substituted for balsa wood.
Colonial Dress Codes : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site
This colony, named Maryland after the queen, was similar to Virginia in many ways. Its landowners produced tobacco on large plantations that depended on the labor of indentured servants and later African slaves.
Maryland became known for its policy of religious toleration for all. The first English emigrants to what would become the New England colonies were a small group of Puritan separatists, later called the Pilgrims, who arrived in Plymouth in to found Plymouth Colony. Ten years later, a wealthy syndicate known as the Massachusetts Bay Company sent a much larger and more liberal group of Puritans to establish another Massachusetts settlement.
With the help of local natives, the colonists soon got the hang of farming, fishing and hunting, and Massachusetts prospered. As the Massachusetts settlements expanded, they generated new colonies in New England.
The 13 Colonies
Puritans who thought that Massachusetts was not pious enough formed the colonies of Connecticut and New Haven the two combined in In , King Charles II gave the territory between New England and Virginia, much of which was already occupied by Dutch traders and landowners called patroons, to his brother James, the Duke of York. This made New York one of the most diverse and prosperous colonies in the New World. In , the king granted 45, square miles of land west of the Delaware River to William Penn, a Quaker who owned large swaths of land in Ireland. Lured by the fertile soil and the religious toleration that Penn promised, people migrated there from all over Europe.
Like their Puritan counterparts in New England, most of these emigrants paid their own way to the colonies—they were not indentured servants—and had enough money to establish themselves when they arrived.
As a result, Pennsylvania soon became a prosperous and relatively egalitarian place. By contrast, the Carolina colony, a territory that stretched south from Virginia to Florida and west to the Pacific Ocean, was much less cosmopolitan. In its northern half, hardscrabble farmers eked out a living. In its southern half, planters presided over vast estates that produced corn, lumber, beef and pork, and—starting in the s—rice.
These Carolinians had close ties to the English planter colony on the Caribbean island of Barbados, which relied heavily on African slave labor, and many were involved in the slave trade themselves. As a result, slavery played an important role in the development of the Carolina colony. It split into North Carolina and South Carolina in In , inspired by the need to build a buffer between South Carolina and the Spanish settlements in Florida, the Englishman James Oglethorpe established the Georgia colony.
By , on the eve of revolution, there were nearly 2. These colonists did not have much in common, but they were able to band together and fight for their independence.
Life in the Southern Colonies (Part 1 of 3)
The American Revolutionary War was sparked after American colonists chafed over issues like taxation without representation , embodied by laws like The Stamp Act and The Townshend Acts. The Declaration of Independence , issued on July 4, , enumerated the reasons the Founding Fathers felt compelled to break from the rule of King George III and parliament to start a new nation.
France joined the war on the side of the colonists in , helping the Continental Army conquer the British at the Battle of Yorktown in Start your free trial today. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present.
On May 14, , a group of roughly members of a joint venture called the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River. Famine, disease and conflict with local Native American tribes in the first two years In September , during the reign of King James I, a group of around English men and women—many of them members of the English Separatist Church later known to history as the Pilgrims—set sail for the New World aboard the Mayflower.
Two months later, the three-masted Many of the details of the Popham colony have been lost to history, but in its heyday the tiny settlement in Maine was considered a direct rival of Jamestown. Both colonies got their start in , when the British King James I granted the Virginia Company a charter to establish